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tv   BBC World News This Week  WHUT  December 12, 2009 7:00pm-7:30pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." ♪ >> two links to save the world. the u.s. climate change
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conference opens in copenhagen. president obama receives the nobel peace prize and defends himself against critics who say he is a man of war and not peace. carnage returns to baghdad. more died in bombings in one day than in the whole of november. all dressed up and nowhere to go. china will not allow him to return home. he is living in a japanese loans. -- in a japanese blouse. welcome to "the week in review." this week, all eyes were focused on copenhagen where the climate conference began. the gathering is widely seen as the best last chance to limit global warming. negotiators from 192 nations started two weeks of talks. the in german to protection agency in the u.s. declared the greenhouse gases were in the interim the health of the american people.
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the bbc environmental correspondent has this report. >> it is described as one of the greatest threats to mankind, a change in the climate fueled by our pollution. the impact is potentially felt in every country on the roof. the world has now come together to try to forge a response. >> a warm welcome to copenhagen. >> today is the largest ever gathering on climate change. 15,000 people are here in copenhagen. the tone was set by a film clip of young girls nightmare about global warming. the scenario was far more exaggerated than any scientific forecast designed by the danish post to warn of the price of failure. >> this is the time to deliver. this is the place to commit.
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there are still many obstacles. it is up to us to try to overcome them. it is doable. >> this is what the negotiations are about. greenhouse gases are blamed for climate change. this the north power station in kent. it burns coal, one of the dirtiest fossil fuels. we're given iraq access to film in the run-up to the conference. -- we were given rare access to film it in the run-up to the conference. this is the backbone of modern economic life producing the electricity we depend upon. that is why it is so difficult for governments around the world to cut emissions. these are monumental symbols of industrial success. limiting what comes out of the chimneys carries a big political risk.
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the big question now is how much each country should cut. they are arguing over the carbon gas. the world is etting about 47 billion tons this year. by 2020, it will release more. scientists say is to be cut to 44 billion. not everyone is convinced it is needed. the delegate from saudi arabia said that trust in climate science was shaken . the messages between researchers raised questions about global warming data and whether it was manipulated. the key figures today defended the signs. >> i think it is unfortunate and shameful the way some scientists are being pilloried in the press without due regard for the process. the science is incredibly robust.
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>> the ice was building from around the sculpture of a polar bear. the talk is about urgent need for work on climate change >> the european union gave it hoped would be a major boost to the deal of climate change. at the summit in the belgian capital, e.u. leaders pledged money over three years to help developing countries tackle the impact of global warming. there were big pledges for the climate change fund. the russian president declared a day of national mourning after fire at a nightclub killed over 130 people. regional officials said the fireworks used to the party were to powerful to be used in enclosed spaces and were intended for outdoor spaces only. >> this amateur video shows the
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happy scene inside the nightclub late friday night. a few minutes later, this. fireworks on stage set fire to the ceiling. penick rapidly and sued as more than 200 people struggled for the only exit. outside, thie survivors struggled to breed. they were the lucky ones. in the smpede, within 100 were dead. >> people started breaking down the doors to get out. panic set in. everything was in smoke. i could not see anything. >> at least another 130 people are seriously injured. many are in critical condition. president of the dead fmedvedevt
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mince words. he said those responsible did not have brains or conscience. >> i agree it was an unintentional crime. the severity of the consequences do not make it less serious. the death toll is huge. he needs to be investigated. this wo is underway. adequate punishment must follow. >> distraught relatives gathered unsure wther their family members are among the dead. such disasters are common in russia. 18,000 fire deaths were reported here last year. even by russian standards, this is a tragedy on a shocking scale. bbc news in moscow. >> the was more bloodshed in pakistan when a series of blasts across the country killed more than 40 people. 10 people died when a bomber
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blew himself up outside the courthouse. it was seen as taliban retaliation for the campaign against them. at least 36 were killed in lahore when two simultaneous blasts ripped through a busy market full of shoppers. around 400 people have died in the past where germans. protestors in iran used student day commemorations to stage fresh and to-government projects. dozens were arrested. security forces fired live ammunition near demonstrators. there is still bubbling discontent over the elections last summer the returned president ahmadinejad to office. >> national student day in iran is supposed to be a demonstration in support of the government. even at the official rally, there were having trouble getting the response they wanted. across iran, thousands of
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students turned out to give their backing to the opposition to they believe president ahmadinejad stole the election in june. they are angry at what they say are growing restrictions on their freedom to study. the media is under severe controls. pictures have been limited. there are reports of clashes outside the gates of the number of universities. witnesses said they heard gunfire. it is not clear if anyone was shot. it is also reported that some protesters may have been attacked by police and government militias. it is one of the most violent demonstrations in months. if there are many more days like this, the government began to feel the very system itself is in danger. the opposition will have gained more hearts. more protests are already planned. >> the british government
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announced the death of the 100th british soldier this year. he was killed as a result of small arms fire. within 470 western troops have died there this year. the majority or american. . two days of violence in athens where riot police were deployed on the streets. teargas was fired and writers. protestors and marking the anniversary of the police killing of a 15-year-old boy. statistics suggest that violence in iraq is on a downward trend. there were five near simultaneous coordinated bombings. more than 400 people were injured. the bombings of raised questions about why the authorities are not able to better protec people in the heart of the iraqi capital. we have this report from baghdad.
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>> she is crying for her daughter. this is one of the many voices of shock and panic in baghdad. five bombs went off almost a the same time in five different locations. they were sophisticated, well coordinated attacks. the killed and injured hundreds. this is one of the main hospitals in baghdad. they are still bringing in here hours on. we have been allowed to go inside to see what is going on. there is crying in the corridors. she is no stranger to bomb attacks do she has seen some of the worst violence iraq has been through it since the u.s.-led invasion.
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today, she operated on eight patients. they all have major head injuries. >> this is one of mine. he had glass injuries all over his face. it was a real mess. i am not sure. we will have to wait some more. >do they have a clue of what is going on in the hospitals? do they look around? i do not know. we are so angry. >> at this emergency session of parliament, there was also plenty of anger. they wanted officials to explain how vehicles full of explosives
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to get through checkpoints in baghdad. they agreed to hold an election in early march. the much awaited political deal is now undermined by violence. bbc news in baghdad. >> the british finance minister announced a onetime tax on bank bonuses of more than 25,000 pounds. that is about $40,000. britain has had huge public debts since last year. public money was used to save the banking system that has been enormous public anger over bank plans to pay big bonuses. the irish government unveiled a new plan to the finance minister announced big pay cuts for workers in an effort to stabilize the government's finances. the economy is expected to shrink by 7.5% this year. the global economic trouble did not seem to have much impact on the art world.
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this rembrandt sold for $33 million in london. another drawing with for $47 million. a total of $112 million was spent at the sale. that is the highest total for an auction of old masters. jewish settlers protested. the government announced the 10 months' suspension on new construction permits. palestiniansay this is inadequate as work continues on 3000 jewish homes already approved. it is a controversial decision to award barack obama the nobel peace prize. the nominations closed just days after he was sworn in. the commitment of more troops to afghanistan reignited criticism. this week, president obama accepted the award in norway and confront his critics. he said afghanistan was a
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conflict he did not start. >> president obama set out to receive the prize wrapped in controversy. ♪ he arrived at city hall to trumpets. many say he got the award to early and it is a prize for good intentions. the nobel committee said he created a new climate of international cooperation. >> the nobel peace prize for 2009 is awarded to president barack obama. >> in office for less than your comments he received a medal that it -- in office for less than a year, he received a medal that usually went to people with more experience. the award was controversy. >> i would be remiss if i did not acknowledge to considerable
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controversy that your generous decision has generated. in part, this is because i am at the beginning and not the end of my work on the world stage. my accomplishments are slight. >i face the world as it is. you cannot stand idle in the face of threats to the american people. make no mistake. evil does exist in the world. >> he is well aware that back home, this award is controversy and. even members of the nobel peace prize committee have had to justify the decision. plenty of people say he is the leader of hopes and dreams but also a president of four.
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for many of those protesting, they will judge him over his stand on climate change. but i think it is very early in his presidency to receive such an honorable prize. >> he has won it. now he has to earn it. he has to step up to the plate at the copenhagen summit. >> that was the big question, whether one of the world's most prestigious prizes had been awarded to soon. >> on thursday, the fbi confirmed that five young americans arrested in pakistan are the same and that went missing several weeks ago from washington, d.c. the young men were allegedly trying to connect to extremist groups in pakistan for social networking sites. >> the work reported missing from the washington area and found a week later in eastern pakistan, at the whole of a
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reported military leader. four of the men had u.s. passports. there are now in the custody of the pakistani authorities. >> told their parents they left for jihad and would not be back. >> one of them studied here at howard university in washington, d.c. investigators city dental student and four others tried to contact militants threw facebook intand youtube before traveling. president obama publicly made note of the disturbing trend. >> we have to constantly be mindful that some twisted ideologies are available over the internet. it can affect our young people. >> u.s. investigators have said they believe the intent of the
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five men was to wage jihad overseas and not in the u.s. authorities are investigating telephones, maps, and of laptop computers to find out what the men hoped to achieve in pakistan. >> the highest court inurkey ruled in favor of banning the country's largest pro-kurdish party. the ruling came after a request from the chief prosecutor who argued that the party to orders from pkk militants. >> the turkish courts are powerful and controversial, never more so than this week. the country's highest court with the fate of its only kurdish political party. after just three days of
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deliberation, the decision was unanimous. the actions and statements of the party encouraged threats to the energy of the state according to the ruling judge. this is the fourth time the court has dissolved a political party. prosecutors argued that the party was too close to the pkk that has been waging an armed campaign against the turkish state for 25 years. it is listed as a terrorist organization. the party leader is banned from politics for five years. he said the verdict would not resolve the conflict. >> our only goal is to stop the problem. our struggle will continue. >> it was the only voice for the 1/5 of the population that comes from the kurdish minority. the struggle may go back out onto the streets as it has over
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the past two weeks. young kurds are angry and impatient. the government promised reform and a new beginning this year. >> robert mugabe declaredis nowt of a power-sharing government for the main opposition party. he said that disunity has set in since last year's elections. >> these are the men and women who remain faithful. the party has given it
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robert mugabe a mandate for the past 30 years. it is the first timin what coult congress, robert mugabe has given or rebuke to the party membership. he said what lost the election last year was factionalism. >> [unintelligible] sfaction. [applause] there are too many -- >> he said the party needed to shape up or find power handed to the opposition.
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>> when you do that, [inaudible] the fight can be more engaged. >> president mugabe and the former rival now share power. the unity government is lumbering along. negotiations seemed to be making modest progress. with a knife on elections in the year ahead, there is little sign that sanctions will be lifted soon. -- with an eye on elections in your head, there is little sign that sanctions will be lifted soon.
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>> the chinese man has been living in tokyo airport for more than a month. he is described by amnesty international as a prominent human rights defender. he was refused permission to return to china. our correspondent went to meet him. >> all day long, airplanes land at the airport. it is the busiest hub in japan. but he is going nowhere. he is a human rights activist blocked from returning home to china. he has gotten to the airport in china for times been sent back to japan. >> i want to go back home.
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that is the only thing i want. >> for more than a month, he has been living in this no-man's land, stuck between the departure gate and powerful controls. he survives on handouts from passengers. he has filmed his daily routine. he washes and the airport toilet -- in the airport toilet. at night, he settles down to sleep on the bench. he has a valid japanese visa. the airport authorities could force him to leave the building. so far, they have chosen not to. >> he is my friend. he is a friend to all of us. he has been here more than 30 days. i want him to enter japan
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willingly. >> he hopes his lonely vigil will persuade the chinese government to let him go home. he says he is prepared to wait as long as it takes. bbc news at the airport outside tokyo. >> that is all for "this week." goodbye for now. ♪ >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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